Water is one of the most important natural resources that is used by humans. There are several other natural resources available, but none of them are used uniformly all over the world in such frequent intervals. Water is also the elixir of life. No one will be able to survive without drinking water for a long time. To make sure that water is available at all times, there are several efforts that are being made by the governments.
Water contamination is one of the severe problems that people all over the world have to face. There are several reasons for the water contamination. The main reason is the industrial waste that is being pumped into various water bodies. The development of a nation depends on the number of industries that are present and the profit that they are making. Almost all the industries also need water for their regular functioning. The excess water that is used needs to be disposed off. This is usually done by just releasing the water. This water mixes with the ground water and contaminates the water in the ground.
When the water is contaminated, there are various diseases that can occur. Many of the diseases like cholera, typhoid are all water borne. In fact the most common disease in infants is diarrhoea and the diarrhoea that leads to death of many infants all over the world occurs because of the contamination in the water.
There are several methods that can be used by the industries to prevent water contamination. The most important factor that will prevent water contamination is the proper disposal of the waste water. Treating the water and removing all the harmful material and then releasing the water will prevent the water from contaminating the ground water too. This will help to prevent various water borne diseases.